Diabetic Retinopathy

Who is at risk for diabetic retinopathy?

Anyone with diabetes is at risk for diabetic retinopathy. The longer a person has diabetes, the more likely it becomes that he or she will develop diabetic retinopathy.

Can diabetic retinopathy be prevented?

Although diabetic retinopathy cannot be prevented, the risk of developing it can be reduced by:

  • having a dilated eye examination once a year
  • strictly managing diabetes by:
    • taking medications as directed
    • using insulin as directed
    • eating appropriate foods to manage blood sugar level
    • exercising to lower and help the body use blood sugar
    • testing blood-sugar levels regularly
    • testing urine for ketone levels regularly

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